The landlord’s rights
If you are a landlord, the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 (Act) protects your right to
- Collect the full amount of rent on time.
- Collect the rent deposit. The rent deposit cannot be more than a month’s rent, or if the rent is paid weekly, the deposit cannot be more than a week’s rent. The rent deposit shall serve its sole purpose. You do not have a right to use the deposit for any other purposes such as paying for the damages. The Act also requires that you pay the interest to your tenant on the rent deposit.
- Terminate the tenancy agreement only when the justified reasons occur.
- Increase the rent. The rent increase shall be made yearly and cannot be more than the guideline of the Ontario Government.
The landlord’s responsibilities
Sections 22 to 32 of the Act outlines the detailed responsibilities of a landlord. It is clear that the Act expects the landlords to take more responsibilities.
As a landlord, you are responsible for
- Repairing and maintaining the rental unit,
- Providing the services that agreed in your tenancy agreement.
In addition, the Act prohibits you from conducting the following actions:
- Shut off or interfere with the supply of a vital service such as water or heat,
- Interfere with the reasonable enjoyment or privacy of your tenant,
- Enter the rental unit without notices or legitimate reasons,
- Lock your tenant out, or change the lock without providing a key replacement to your tenant, and
- Any illegal conduct.
Last but not least, the landlord shall provide a written tenancy agreement to the tenant within 21 days from the date the landlord has received the signed copy from the tenant.
Please note that as of April 30, 2018, the Residential Tenancy Agreement (Standard Form of Lease) shall be used for all residential rentals.