Applications for Tenants
Landlord and Tenant Board (LTB) only hears applications covered by the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 (RTA). Also, there are various application forms available for tenants based on different issues. In this section, we are going to outline what issues a tenant may bring to LTB and what application forms shall be used.
The following applications are available for tenants at LTB:
- Application for a Rebate (T1)
- Application about Tenant Rights (T2)
- Application for a Rent Reduction (T3)
- Application – Landlord Did Not Comply with an Agreement to Increase Rent Above the Guideline (T4)
- Application – Landlord Gave a Notice of Termination in Bad Faith. (T5)
- Application about Maintenance (T6)
- Application about Suite Meters (T7)
T1 Application for a Rebate
The tenant may file this application when
- the landlord has collected money that he or she should not have collected, or
- the landlord owes money to the tenant.
T2 Application for Tenant Rights
This application is used when a tenant believes the landlord, the landlord’s agent or the superintendent has one of the following breaches of obligations:
- Illegal entry,
- Change of locking system without giving replacement keys,
- Serious interference with reasonable enjoyment,
- Withholding or interfering with vital services, and
- Illegal activities, such as harassment and threatening.
T3 Application for a Rent Reduction
This application is used when a tenant has legitimate reasons to ask that the landlord reduces the rent. The legitimate reasons include:
- The landlord has reduced or discontinued a service or facility,
- The landlord has experienced a decrease in municipal taxes and charges.
T4 Application – Landlord Did Not Comply with an Agreement to Increase Rent Above the Guideline
When the landlord did not comply with the Agreement, the tenant has a right to file this application with LTB.
T5 Application – Landlord Gave a Notice of Termination in Bad Faith
In this application, the notice of termination only include
- Notice to End your Tenancy Because the Landlord, a Purchaser or a Family Member Requires the Rental Unit (Form N12),
- Notice to End your Tenancy Because the Landlord Wants to Demolish the Rental Unit, Repair it or Convert it to Another Use (Form N13).
The tenant may also file this application if the tenant receives an N13, but the landlord did not give the tenant the right to move back after the work was done.
T6 Application about Maintenance
When the landlord did not follow the obligation of maintenance or did not maintain or repair the rental complex properly, the tenant may use this application.
Applications for landlords
If you are a landlord, the following applications are available for your issues at LTB:
- Application to Evict a Tenant for Non-Payment of Rent and to Collect Rent the Tenant Owes (L1)
- Application to End a Tenancy and Evict a Tenant (L2)
- Application to End a Tenancy – Tenant Gave Notice or Agreed to Terminate the Tenancy (L3)
- Application to End a Tenancy and Evict a Tenant – Tenant Failed to Meet Conditions of a Settlement or Order (L4)
- Application for an Above Guideline Increase (L5)
- Application for Review of a Work Order about Provincial Maintenance Standards (L6)
- Application to Transfer a Care Home Tenant (L7)
- Application Because the Tenant Changed the Locks (L8)
- Application to Collect Rent the Tenant Owes (L9)
L1 Application to Evict a Tenant for Non-Payment of Rent and to Collect Rent the Tenant Owes
The landlord can use this application when the tenant is in arrears of rent payment, and the landlord wants an eviction order. However, if the tenant has already moved out of the rental unit and still owes rent to the landlord, the landlord shall file a claim with the court.
L2 Application to End a Tenancy and Evict a Tenant
If the landlord wants to end a tenancy and evict the tenant for one of the following reasons, the landlord can use this application:
- The tenant has abandoned the rental unit,
- The tenant occupies the superintendent’s unit and their employment as superintendent ended more than seven days ago, or
- Any other reasons the landlord may evict a tenant except non-payment of rent.
L3 Application to End a Tenancy – Tenant Gave Notice or Agreed to Terminate the Tenancy
When the tenant gave a notice of termination or agreed to terminate the tenancy, the landlord may use this application to end the tenancy agreement. However, this is not an application for an eviction order.
L4 Application to End a Tenancy and Evict a Tenant – Tenant Failed to Meet Conditions of a Settlement or Order
Sometimes the landlord and tenant have previously settled their issue(s) at LTB, and the tenancy remains. In this case, the tenant is expected to fulfill the settlement order. However, if the tenant fails to meet the conditions in the settlement order, the landlord may use this application to evict the tenant.
L5 Application for an Above Guideline Increase
If the landlord wants to increase the rent beyond the guideline, this is the application.
L6 Application for Review of a Work Order about Provincial Maintenance Standards
If the landlord was issued a work order by the municipality and the work order is about enforcing the provincial maintenance standards, the landlord may use this application.
L9 Application to Collect Rent the Tenant Owes
This is the application that allows the landlord to collect the rent owed but not to evict the tenant. However, if the tenant has moved out of the rental unit, the issue should be brought to a court.
Under this application, LTB will not order an eviction. Therefore, if the landlord later wants to evict the tenant due to the non-payment of rent, the landlord cannot use an L9 order as an eviction order.
Applications for both landlords and tenants
There are also some common applications that are available to both the landlords and tenants:
- Application about Whether the Act Applies (A1)
- Application about a Sublet or an Assignment (A2)
- Application to Vary the Amount of a Rent Reduction (A4)