Date of post: March 31, 2021
Depending on your desire, the followings are the most common immigration pathways to Canada:
Temporarily living in Canada
If you want to work in Canada temporarily:
- Temporary Foreign Worker (TFW) Program. Generally speaking, you need a valid job offer for this program. Often, your Canadian employer will also have to apply for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).
- International Mobility Program. Similarly, you need a valid job offer for this program. However, your Canadian employer will not need an LMIA.
- International Experience Canada (IEC), also known as working holiday. You may get a one-year or two-years open work permit (depending on your citizenship) even without a job offer.
- Post-graduate work permit (PGWP). If you are a graduate from a public post-secondary school or an eligible private post-secondary school, you may apply for a PGWP even without a job offer.
If you want to study in Canada permanently:
- You may study without a study permit under certain circumstances.
- You otherwise need to apply for a study permit.
If you want to visit Canada or a family member in Canada for a short stay:
- You may or may not need to apply for a temporary visitor visa depending on your citizenship.
- Parents or grandparents of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident may apply for a super visa for family reunification.
Permanently living in Canada
If you want to live in Canada permanently:
- You can apply for permanent residency under the Economic Class, such as Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Programs, Caregivers, Start-Up Visa Class, and Self-Employed Person Class.
- Your Canadian family member (either citizen or permanent resident) can sponsor you to become a permanent resident.
- If you are a refugee or people in need of protection, Canada can recognize your status and offer you permanent residency.
If you want to become a Canadian citizen:
- You may become a Canadian citizen if you were born outside Canada to a Canadian parent. Your parent must be a Canadian citizen at the time of your birth.
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