What is a Free Trade Agreement
A Free Trade Agreement (FTA) is a bilateral or multilateral agreement between Canada and the other participating countries.
One of the major benefits of an FTA is that it offers an easier pathway to a work permit.
Currently, Canada has entered an FTA with one of the following countries:
United States (Canada United-States Mexico Agreement (CUSMA, formerly known as the North American Free Trade Agreement)),
The European Union (Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)),
FTA and work permit
First of all, the pathway to an FTA work permit is called the International Mobility Program.
Work permit applications submitted under this program don’t need a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).
In other words, it is relatively easier to get a work permit.
You may also find other pathways to a work permit on our Service Page.
If you retain us, we can also help you with your application.
Who is covered by an FTA?
The FTA facilitates trades between Canada and the participating countries. Therefore, it only grants the pathway to work permits to certain business people.
Generally speaking, business people contain the following categories:
Further, the definition of a business person may be different in each FTA.
Last but not least, some FTAs may not cover all of the above categories.
However, if you are unsure about whether you are a business person, we can help you.
A business visitor usually enters Canada for business purposes in relation to at least one of the following activities:
Meetings and consultations,
Research and design,
Sales and purchasing,
After-safes or after-lease service,
Manufacture and production.
Generally speaking, any of the activities above is one or more components of a business cycle.
Moreover, a business visitor usually only needs to remain in Canada for a short period of time. They do not perform employment activities either.
Last but not least, business visitors are not competing in the Canadian labour market. Therefore, they can enter Canada without a work permit.
Firstly, a professional is a business person who provides professional services. Usually, each FTA outlines occupations that fall under this category. For example, an accountant is eligible under the CUSMA.
Further, a professional can be self-employed or an employee of a company in a participating country.
Last but not least, a professional needs a work permit in order to carry out the services in Canada.
Firstly, when a company transfers its employee to its branch in Canada, the employee becomes an intra-company transferee (ICT).
Secondly, the ICT must be an employee. They can’t be self-employed.
Moreover, the job in Canada must be in an executive or managerial capacity or involve “specialized knowledge”.
Last but not least, an ICT needs a work permit in order to perform the job duties in Canada.
Firstly, an investor is the owner of a company who wishes to develop a new enterprise in Canada.
If the investor is an employee of the company, their position must be executive or supervisory or involve "essential skills".
Further, the company must not have a Canadian nationality. In other words, the company can’t be owned by Canadian citizens or permanent residents on a majority.
Last but not least, an investor needs a work permit in order to perform the duties in Canada.
A trader is similar to an investor.
However, a trader engages in activities related to substantial trade in goods or services between Canada and the participating countries.
Am I eligible?
Generally speaking, to be eligible for an FTA work permit, you first need to be a citizen of the participating country.
However, some FTAs may also cover permanent residents. For example, Canada-Peru FTA.
Further, each FTA outlines its specific requirements.
We can also help you to determine your eligibility if you retain us.
Where you may apply for an FTA work permit?
You may apply for a work permit either in or outside Canada. However, if you want to apply in Canada, you must first have a valid work permit, study permit, or be authorized to work without a permit.
In other words, if you are a visitor or don’t have status, you can't apply for a work permit in Canada.
Further, American and Mexican citizens may also apply for a work permit at the Port of Entry (POE).
If you are a business visitor, you can only apply at the POE.
Canadian work permit and dual intent
Dual intent refers to the desire of becoming a permanent resident when you apply for a work permit.
Having dual intent does not lead to a negative decision unless your intent to work in Canada is not genuine. In other words, if you present such as issue, your application will be refused.
When you present dual intent, you shall address it carefully. If you retain us, we will also help you to address this issue.
Canadian work permit and LGBTQ immigration
Many LGBTQ people wish to move to Canada either for work or study. They eventually want to settle here permanently.
In fact, both work experience and education in Canada will be helpful for their permanent residency applications.
Further, some of them may already be eligible for permanent residency even without Canadian work experience or education.
Book a consultation today, we can help you with your questions.
What we do
We help LGBTQ people to get a Canadian work permit and serve LGBTQ-owned businesses.
We personalize our services for you, which may include any of the following:
Help you to determine your eligibility,
If you are not currently eligible, we help you to meet the eligibility,
Identify potential inadmissibility issues and properly address them before you apply,
Assist you in collecting or preserving the supporting documents,
Provide other advice and instructions as needed that could be critical to a successful application, and
Complete, prepare, organize, and submit your application on your behalf.
Book an initial assessment today or contact us directly.